111 tutorials Microsoft


IT tutorials related to Microsoft products like Windows 10, Windows 7, Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2008, Exchange 2010, Exchange 2013, Office 2007, Office 2010, Office 2013 and all its components like DNS, DFS, Hyper-V, DHCP, IIS, GPO, Terminal Services, Containers, Excel, Word, PowerPoint, Outlook, and many other Microsoft products.

Windows 10

Windows 10 desktop

Windows 10 was officially released to the public in July 29th, 2015. Windows 10 is available in six editions e.g. Windows 10 home, Windows 10 pro, Windows 10 Enterprise, Windows 10 Education, Windows mobile, and Windows Mobile Enterprise. To encourage the adoption of Windows 10, Microsoft offered a free upgrade to Windows 10 to users using Windows 7 and Windows 8 that free upgrade expired in July 29th, 2016. If you have a relatively new computer running Windows 7 or Windows 8 you can still perform the upgrade for free. Download the Windows 10 creation tool ( you will need a USB thumb drive ) to perform the upgrade.

Windows 10 is a completely new operating system compared to Windows 7 and a big improvement from windows 8. One of the biggest complains people had about Windows 8 was the touch oriented design. Windows 10 comes with a traditional desktop interface like Windows 7, but it also give you the option to turn the desktop into “tablet mode” if you have touch enabled device.

Microsoft has marketed Windows 10 operating system as a service which means improvements and new features will be implemented as updates. If this is the case, most likely Windows 10 will be the last Windows version that will be packaged and released as a standalone release.

Windows 10 Features

Windows 10 features Live Start Menu The biggest change in Windows 10 from windows 8 is the return of the Start menu. But unlike the traditional start menus we got used to in Windows 7 and previous releases, the start menu in Windows 10 features live tiles with live app updates.

Windows Store Another thing that was rethought from Windows 8 is the Windows store. The Windows store is now a standalone application instead of opening in full screen as it does in Windows 8.

Cortana Cortana is the Siri or Google Now from Microsoft. it replaces the search function on your computer, and responds to voice commands, and has complete access to your personal information.

Task View Another nice feature in Windows 10 is task view. task view allows you see all the programs opened in your computer at once

Virtual Desktops Another cool feature in Windows 10 are Virtual Desktops. with virtual desktops you can create multiple screens and have different applications open in each screen.

Action Center Action center in Windows 10 is basically a notification center. All apps and system notifications are posted in the action center.

Redesigned Core Apps All core apps in Windows 10 like Mail, Calendar, File Explorer, etc. were revamped. they look and work much better now

Microsoft Edge is a new minimalist browser included in Windows 10 by default. It is also the default browser in Windows Mobile, Xbox One, and other Microsoft devices replacing Internet Explorer. Microsoft Edge was built from scratch using a proprietary engine called EdgeHTML. Edge is designed to be lightweight supporting theming, annotation tools and native reading mode.

Edge does not support ActiveX , but it supports extensions that are distributed through the Windows store. Internet Explorer is still included in Windows 10 as legacy support.

There are many more features and small refinements in Windows 10. Below you will fine many step by step tutorials on how to do certain things in Windows 10.

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Windows Server 2016

Windows Server 2016 is the newest server release from Microsoft. It comes with many new features that will revolutionize and change the way we think about computing in the server room. For some, especially those acquainted with the open source community many features added to Windows 2016 won’t be a new concept, like containers which are much like Docker, and Nano server which is very similar to Ubuntu snappy. Windows Server 2016 will simplify many of these technologies though. Here are some of the top features you will find in Windows Server 2016.

Top Windows Server 2016 Features

Nano Server Nano Server is a remotely administered server operating system optimized for private clouds and datacenters. It is similar to Windows Server in Server Core mode, but significantly smaller, has no local logon capability, and only supports 64-bit applications, tools, and agents. It takes up far less disk space, sets up significantly faster, and requires far fewer updates and restarts than Windows Server. When it does restart, it restarts much faster.

Containers If you are familiar with Docker, then Windows containers work the same way as Docker. But what is a container you might ask? A container a partition isolation where an application can run without affecting the rest of the system and without the system affecting the application. Containers are managed by the kernel in the operating system, so you can run multiple containers on the same operating system. That’s the reason why containers are so popular, and are the next step in the virtualization evolution.

Rolling upgrades for Hyper-V and Storage clusters this feature is a relief for many admins. The new rolling upgrades feature allows you to add a new Windows Server 2016 node to a Hyper-V cluster with nodes that are running Windows Server 2012 R2. The cluster will continue to run at the Windows Server 2012 R2 functional level until all of the cluster nodes have been upgraded to Windows Server 2016. When the cluster has mixed level nodes the management must be done from Windows Server 2016 or Windows 10. New VMs on a mixed cluster will be compatible with the Windows Server 2012 R2 feature set.

Add RAM and Network adapters to running VMs without shutting down. In Windows Server 2016 you will be able to add/remove network adapters in running VMs. No need to shut them down. The same thing for RAM.

Nested Virtualization With this new feature you will be able to run Hyper-V within in a VM. This is good for testing environments.

Secure Boot support for Linux in Windows Server 2016 you will be able to run Linux distributions using the Gen2 option.

Docker Support if you are running Docker containers in your network, then you will be able to manage those containers from Windows Server 2016. You will be able to manage Docker containers, and Hyper-V containers within the same panel.

These are just some of the top new features in Windows Server 2016. There are many other new improvements to other server roles like DNS, Hyper-V, AD, etc. In this section you will find many tutorials related to Windows Server 2016, and all its components.

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Hyper-V is a server role in the Windows Server operating systems that let you create and manage virtual machines. The Hyper-V role can be enabled using the server manager dashboard in Windows server 2008, Windows Server 2012, and Windows server 2016. you can also enable the role in Windows 8 and Windows 10 by going to Control Panel > Programs > Turn Windows features on or Off 

Top Hype-V features

  • Backup and Restore in Hyper-V you can easily backup and restore  VMs
  • Checkpoints checkpoints in Hyper-V are essentially snapshots that you can capture the state data and hardware configuration of a virtual machine.
  • Dynamic Memory in Hyper-V you can assign dynamic memory to a virtual machine.
  • Export and import easily export and import VMs to your hosts
  • Hyper-V Replica Hyper-V allows you to replicate virtual machines from site to another. this is good for fail-over purposes.
  • Live migration This feature allows you to move VMs live from one host to another...

Hyper-V requirements

  • Software Hyper-V is a server role so you need to have Windows Server 2008, 2012 or 2016 installed in order to enable it. There is a free Hyper-V version you can download from the Microsoft website that lets you install just the server role in the server.
  • Hardware  Hyper-V needs hardware-assisted virtualization. this technology is available in processors that include a virtualization option—specifically processors with Intel Virtualization Technology (Intel VT) or AMD Virtualization (AMD-V) Hardware-enforced Data Execution Prevention (DEP) must be available and enabled.

Guest OSs supported

In hyper-V you can create guest VMs using most Microsoft desktop operating systems starting from Windows XP, and server operating systems starting from Windows server 2003. You can create VMs from most up to date Linux distributions like Ubuntu, Redhat, CentOS, Suse, etc. Linux distributions are only supported in hyper-Gen1 mode for now.

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Windows 7

At the beginning there was Windows XP, and Bill Gate said, let’s there be black, and Blackcomb was born.

In 2000 Microsoft was planning to follow up on Windows XP, so they began the development of their next Windows release which was codenamed Blackcomb, and it was scheduled to be released on September 2005. Many features were planned for Blackcomb including the ability of live search, and a new storage system called WinFS ( short for Windows Future Storage). later, Blackcomb was put on hold, and a  interim Windows release was announced codenamed “ Longhorn” and scheduled for release on 2003. by the middle of 2003 Longhorn had acquired many of the features previously planned for Blackcomb including the new Desktop Windows Manager (DWM) live search, and WinFS . in the summer of 2003 after many viruses exploited Windows XP, Microsoft halted the development on Longhorn, and prioritized the release of SP2 for Windows XP, thus delaying the release of Windows Longhorn.

Naming Windows 7

In 2006 when Windows longhorn was about to be released, now officially called  Windows Vista, Microsoft changed the codename of Blackcomb to Windows Vienna. however, after the release of Windows Vista, it was confirmed by Microsoft that the official name of the next Windows OS would be Windows 7. this name was chosen because is the 7th operating system released by Microsoft, and because of the version number of the OS.

Internet Leakages

On October 8, 2008 screenshots of build 6801 were leaked. on October 28, 2008 Microsoft distributed pre-beta build 6801 to attendees at the Professional Developers Conference ( PDC) which soon started to circulate on bittorrent downloads afterward. the glass Window border in Windows 7 build 6801 had a different blending style, making the colors in the background more saturated - windows-7buildthis was removed in build 700. other features that were present on build 6801 were also removed like Accelerators, RSS-feed wallpapers and Pen and Touch panning.

On 20 November 2008, Microsoft posted screenshots of build 6948 on the Engineering Windows 7 blog. in early December screenshots of build  6956 were leaked, and  on December 10, 2008, Windows 7 build 6936 x64 leaked to the Internet.

On December 23, 2008, screenshots of the Windows 7 beta (build 7000) were leaked. On December 27, the x86 version of Windows 7 Beta build 7000 leaked and quickly spread to torrent sites, and many FTPs. On 5 January 2009, the 64-bit version of the Windows 7 Beta (build 7000) was leaked onto the web.

Official Beta Release

The Windows 7 Beta was released on January 7, 2009 to TechNet and MSDN subscribers.On January 10, after a short delay due to overwhelming demand, both 32 and 64-bit versions of the Beta were made available to the public until the 10th of February. The build number is 7000.winmain_win7beta.081212-1400. Existing installations of the beta continued to operate until August 1, 2009 with bi-hourly shutdowns beginning July 1.

Release Candidate

The Windows Team Blog announced on April 24, 2009 that the Release Candidate would be available to MSDN and TechNet subscribers on April 30 and to the public on May 5. The release candidate was also reportedly given to OEM partners and TAP gold testers. On Thursday, August 20th 2009, the Windows 7 Release Candidate download was removed from Microsoft's website. Product keys for the Release Candidate were available until October 21, 2009.

Official Release Of Windows 7

On 24 July 2009 Microsoft released Windows 7 to OEMs (original equipment manufacturers and system builders) online, followed by MSDN and TechNet Subscribers via download and Microsoft Connect on 6 August 2009. Since the next day, 7 August 2009, companies which bought Software Assurance have been able to download Windows 7 RTM.

Since 16 August 2009, Windows 7 is available to Microsoft Certified and Gold Certified Partners, followed by Microsoft Action Pack subscribers on 23 August. Microsoft has also announced that companies which have a contract with Software Assurance may acquire Windows 7 became available for volume licensing on September 1, 2009. Windows 7 was released to the world  on October 22, 2009.

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Exchange 2010

Microsoft Exchange 2010 was released to the public by Microsoft in November of 2009. many of the features found in Exchange 2010 are the DAG ( Database Availability Groups ) Client Access Server ( CAS ) RPC clients, Personal Archives, recoverable deleted items, etc. In this section you will tutorials related to Exchange 2010, and all its components.

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Windows Server 2008

Windows Server 2008 was officially released on February 27, 2008. Many of the features included in Windows Server 2008 are Server Core, AD roles, Failover clustering, Self-healing NTFS, Hyper-V, Server manager, DNS, DHCP, etc. I this section you will find tutorials related to Windows Server 2008 and all its components.

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Windows XP

Windows XP was officially released on October 25, 2001. It became one of the most popular Windows releases in Windows history. Windows XP is still widely used even though the OS is not supported by Microsoft since April 8th of 2014 anymore. In this section you will find some tutorials I wrote about Windows XP that might be useful to some people using Windows XP still.

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Windows Server 2003

Windows Server 2003 was officially released by Microsoft in April 24th of 2003. There were many Windows Server 2003 editions released to the public, but in general Windows Server 2003 packed some good features like DFS, IIS 6.0, Terminal services, Shadow copies, clustering, refinements in AD, etc. Server 2003 end of support life was July 14th, 2015. Server 2003 is still widely used today. In this section you will find some tutorials I wrote about Windows server 2003 back in the day.

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Exchange 2003

Exchange Server 2003 was released to the public September 28, 2003. Some of the features of Exchange 2003 were enhanced disaster recovery, better Outlook Mobile Access ( OWA ) Exchange ActiveSync, Connection filtering, recipient filtering, Sender ID filtering, intelligent messages filter, etc. the end of support life for Exchange Server 2003 April 8, 2014. In this section you will find some useful tutorials I wrote about Exchange Server 2003.

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Office 2003

In this section you will find some tutorials I wrote related to Microsoft Office 2003. Please note that Office 2003 was officially unplugged from its life support from Microsoft April 2014. some of these tips and tricks are general in all office suites so they are still useful.

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Terminal Services

Terminal Services is a Windows server role that allows users to get access to a network from a remote location. it became a popular method for corporations to facilitate network resources to employees working from home. In this section you will find tutorials related to terminal services and all its components.

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